Much attention has been given to the Russian navy’s fleet of attack submarines and their new class of ballistic missile submarines. Often overlooked, however, is Russia’s fleet of smaller “auxiliary” submarines, which have the ability serve as special mission vessels with unique and highly asymmetric capabilities.
The United States and European Union christened October 18 as JCPOA Adoption Day, signing orders preparing for the lifting of sanctions and unfreezing of Iranian assets. Yet, this is just the beginning. From a process standpoint, Iran has serious work to do to prepare for Implementation Day, which is when sanctions will actually be lifted.