While Libya continues to be awash with weapons five years after the revolution that overthrew Muammar Qaddafi, subsequent years of fighting have left many sides short of ammunition and other supplies. There is a need to allow the forces fighting the Islamic State’s expansion in Libya to have access to the means to prosecute the fight. The move is, however, a calculated risk that may inflame the civil war tearing the country apart.
The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) filed suit in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in April 2014 against nine nations known or believed to possess nuclear weapons: the five recognized nuclear weapons states (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, China, and Russia) as well as India, Pakistan, Israel, and North Korea. The suit alleges that these states failed to meet their legal obligations “to pursue in good faith” negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament.
The NATO Alliance will grow from 28 to 29 members with the addition of Montenegro in the next year or two. Reaching consensus on Montenegro’s invitation was not without challenges. Indeed, the issue remained unresolved heading into the last weeks and days before the ministerial. Skeptics were hesitant to risk Russia’s ire over a country whose case, in the view of some, is not particularly compelling.
Russia’s irredentist and revisionist narrative, coupled with its willingness to use military aggression irrespective of basic protocols of international law, creates an unstable security paradigm in Europe. Russia now presents an intractable challenge in Europe for the United States.
European public opinion impacts defense investments. Public support leads to additional military dollars, but there’s typically a three-year gap between formation of positive opinions about defense investments and actual increased spending.